Aubrey Beardsley

Enoch Soames:
The Critical Heritage


The Calumny of Beerbohm
The Anxiety of Influence
New Light on Soames
Enoch’s Castle
In Praise of Christian Diabolism
Iconographia Fungosiana
Strange Growths
A Letter to the Editor
List of Illustrations
Le Diaboliste Catholique
Portrait Study of Enoch Soames
En Attendant
Crème de Menthe and Nicotine
A Man of Letters
Enoch Soames, Esq.
The Bad Homburg

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The Arms of a PoetEnoch Soames - The Critical Heritage
Enoch Soames; pastel by Will Rothenstein

'A great poet, a really great poet, is the most unpoetical of all creatures.'

It is now widely, if not quite universally acknowledged that, when in 1891 Oscar Wilde penned one of his most celebrated and typically paradoxical aphorisms in The Picture of Dorian Gray, he - already by this date London's most prominent litterateur - was referring to Enoch Soames, perhaps of all his contemporaries the most unsung, and certainly the quintessential figure of the 'Tragic Generation' of the Eighteen-Nineties. But Soames, more perhaps than any other English man-of-letters, wrote the poetry he dared not live; his heroic, once-and-for-all decision, on that dim summer's day, now more than a century ago in June 1897, was finally and irrevocably to live - or rather, to die - for the poetry he no longer dared to write.
     Whilst we who gathered in the all-pervading, crepuscular quiet of the vast Reading Room of the British Museum a hundred years thence put up but a poor show in response to his grandiose sacrifice, we may salve our consciences and remember that, as Max Beerbohm wrote, it was always fated to be thus. For Soames, real tragedy was too fine; his métier, his fate was failure. Soames, we must always remember, was a man whose terrible lack of judgement, sartorially as in all too many other aspects of his tragic life, led him, after Heaven knows what process of deliberation, to choose for his entry into the fiery kingdom of Hell of all garments a water-proof cape.
     And yet, nonetheless, regret we may . . . Had the newspaper library with its precious store of literary reviews not been transferred to the forlorn and banished wastes of Colindale. . . Had the tiny handful of copies of the first edition of this present work not been fatally delayed at the bindery. . . And when, in that moment of hushed anticipation, when like the no-more-than half-expected stroke of some ancient clock, he, the great poet, Soames himself appeared, had one of us - only one of us - had the courage to approach him... How different things might have been.
     However, such regrets are but crystaline tears which fall upon the preterit and are bootless; the moment has passed, and Enoch Soames will, in this world at least, never know the true extent of his influence, or the real esteem in which his remarkable œuvre has come to be held. For those of us who remain, and who care, Enoch Soames: The Critical Heritage, it is to be hoped, will provide a bridge between the triple extremes of popularism, arcane scholarship and cultism to which the poet, his work and his reputation have fallen prey. Here the ordinary reader, as much as the earnest aficionado and the obsessive bibliomane, may for himself re-discover anew some of the many facets of this complicated figure.
     Soames students have traditionally been hampered, not only by their subject's mysterious disappearance, by the inherent unreliability of witnesses and the extreme paucity of accurate records, but most seriously by the small number of works our far-from-prolific author left behind. It was as Dr. Johnson had foreseen: 'those authors whose reverence for the public has hindered them from swelling their works with repetition, or encumbering them with superfluities, and who, therefore, deserve the praise and gratitude of posterity, are forgotten, and for the very reason for which they might expect to be remembered'.
     Enoch Soames, despite everything, will not be forgotten. If the critics of his age, as well as many of our own who are blind to truth and beauty, have misjudged and undervalued the quality of his work, a great mass of the common people, both in England and abroad, have held or hold still in their hearts the memory of this incomparable bard. Indeed, it has been the truly global appeal of this most neglected of poets that has proved so surprising ; contributions to this volume of celebration have come, as so many devotees came to the Reading Room in 1997, from the four corners of the globe. The size of the crowd which fiocked to those celebrations to observe the centenary of his tragic and curious end was unforeseen and unprecedented, their very presence a poignant reminder of a desire to mark what Baudelaire might have termed that 'last glimmer of heroism in the face of decadence'.
     Legion were the articles, programmes and features - in magazines, national newspapers, and on the television and radio - which, in those hectic days leading up to the 3rd of June, examined Soames's curious tale. Experts gathered, talking heads discoursed, and new playwrights based productions on the legend, whilst from Australia came an opera based on the poet's life, which toured the towns and cities of Great Britain where the name of Enoch Soames had never previously been heard. As we now see, Soames's reputation as a literary figure of almost unparalleled popular interest had only been fanned by the lack of critical attention his work had received. Could it be that he had become, sadly too late, a figure of private renown?
     How many of us, gathered library-silent under Panizzi's great dome that day, truly expected Soames to walk again among us? For how many of us had 3rd June been merely a date we noted, much like Easter, transferred from diary to diary, year after year, merely for its numinous symbolism? And yet, against all rational expectation, on that day, there, in the great Reading Room, he he was there; and we saw him. Soames, could he only have known it, would have been proud to be in such a company.
     For the rest, for some - those oldest habitués of the British Museum - 1997 came too late, and they would never see Soames. For others it came too soon; for them, denizens of a new and soulless Reading Room, what can there be to look forward to now? But for those of us who were there, we happy many, the words of Henry V at Agincourt still ring true:

      'And gentlemen in England now a-bed
      Shall think themselves accursed they were not here...'

We were there. And we saw it all.

Enoch Soames